Academic Books & Online Resources

Standards Compliance

Online publishing standards

Oxford Journals is investing in an ongoing programme of developments which will provide support for open standards throughout our online publishing processes, and products.

Our standards compliance strategy is informed by recommendations from organizations including the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), as well as industry-specific standards recommendations such as

Currently Supported Standards

ABCe logo

ABCe website traffic certification – We are compliant with ABCe’s requirements for data collection and analysis. An immediate benefit of this compliancy is that we can now use the most trusted and up-to-date tools to exclude robots from the traffic figures. In addition to delivering ABCe-audited usage statistics, we also provide COUNTER-compliant statistics. Additional information on ABCe can be found on the ABC homepage.


Athens logo

Athens authentication - all of our journals support access via Athens authentication, as do a number of other online products from OUP such as the Oxford English Dictionary online. A list of Athens-protected resources from all publishers is available from Eduserv.

Our Athens compliance also allows access for Shibboleth-enabled institutions via the Athens/Shibboleth gateway.



COUNTER - our usage statistics are COUNTER-compliant ( See our Usage Statistics for Institutional Administrators page for more details.


Creative Commons logo

Creative Commons - articles published under an Open Access model are licensed using Creative Commons. As well as the licence in print, a machine-readable licence is embedded in the HTML source using RDF, Dublin Core, and PRISM metadata.


CrossRef logo

DOI and CrossRef - archive, current, and online ahead of print content are assigned DOIs and metadata is submitted to CrossRef for all Oxford Journals titles. Librarians should note that the CrossRef database is freely accessible to libraries for DOI lookup and linking. As an organization, Oxford Journals is represented on the CrossRef technical working group.


Dublin Core logo

Dublin Core metadata - See Our OAI-PMH and RSS data feeds expose article metadata using the Dublin Core metadata element set.


KnowledgeWorks - Oxford Journals is a content partner of Serials Solutions’ KnowledgeWorks Certified program, thereby ensuring that bibliographic data is as accurate and up-to-date as possible in the Serial Solutions knowledgebase.


Marc 21 logo

MARC - MAchine Readable Cataloging records at the publication level are available for download (see here)


MathJax logo

MathJax - Oxford Journals is using MathJax in full text HTML articles for the display of complex, built up mathematics in a number of titles in our Mathematics and Physical Sciences list.


NLM DTD logo

NLM XML - since 2006, the source data-encoding format for our online journals is the National Library of Medicine's Journal Publishing DTD. During 2007-8 all data for journal articles were normalized to this DTD.

JATS XML – In 2015 we upgraded to the Journal Article Tag Suite publishing DTD (JATS). All of our journal article are now published in this DTD.


OAI logo

OAI-PMH - The Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting. See for general information, or our OAI-PMH help page for information on OAI-PMH support in Oxford Journals.


OpenURL logo

OpenURL inbound linking - also known as 'OpenURL as a target'. Inbound OpenURLs can be resolved to article content either via CrossRef (see here) or directly from popular link resolvers to HighWire, Oxford Journals' online host.


OpenURL outbound linking - institutions with OpenURL-compliant link resolvers can add reference links to Oxford Journals content so that their institution's users are directed to specific resources. Further information on this feature can be found here. Outbound OpenURL links are Z39.88-2004/OpenURL 1.0-compliant.


PRISM logo

PRISM metadata - The Dublin Core metadata element set provides a relatively limited set of metadata elements. Using PRISM, we have further enriched our RSS web feeds with publishing-specific metadata such as <prism:startingPage>4573</prism:startingPage>. See the source of any of our RSS XML feeds for examples of embedded PRISM metadata, and for more information on the standard.


RSS logo

RSS - also known as Web feeds, RDF Site Summary, or Really Simple Syndication. Used for alerting, or machine-to-machine harvesting of metadata. See our RSS help page for more information.


Shibboleth logo

Shibboleth - Oxford Journals supports Shibboleth authentication either directly or via the OpenAthens Shibboleth gateway. Information on direct Shibboleth authentication is available on the Shibboleth for librarians page.


SRU logo

SRU federated searching - allows our search engine to be queried by federated search software, with queries and results encoded in a standard XML schema. The Oxford Journals SRU service is described in detail on the search technical information page.


SUSHI - Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (see the NISO SUSHI website) is designed to replace the time-consuming user-mediated collection of usage data reports. Oxford Journals usage statistics are SUSHI-compliant.


Unicode logo

Unicode - the Oxford Journals website uses a Unicode-aware content-management system which makes possible publication of our China and Japan portal site.


WAI logo

WAI, Section 508, and ADA accessibility - the latest version of was designed with accessibility-compliance in mind. See the separate Accessibility Statement for further information.

Standards Compliance Requests

If you think we should be supporting specific standards in addition to those listed here, let us know.