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Information for Authors

AUDIENCE AND SCOPE

Parliamentary Affairs publishes original research of interest to a range of academic, practitioner and more general audiences. Its principal remit since it began in 1948, has been to publish research articles based upon legislative and parliamentary studies, as well as commentary pieces designed to inform its readership of current issues in the field and stimulate debate on these topics.

Given its link with the Hansard Society the journal has mainly focused on British politics and government, although it has always included articles on other parliamentary systems where they provide information that contextualises the British case or contribute to our wider understanding of representative politics in general.

The Editors seek to sustain the established character of the journal and so continue to welcome submissions from those interested in these established themes and subjects. In addition they seek contributions that further our understanding of contemporary representative politics by more explicitly:


Adopting an historical perspective;
Situating political processes in their cultural and/or social context;
Employing a rigorous comparative framework; and
Assuming a theoretical perspective.

POLICIES


Authorship
All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content and should have made a substantial contribution.

All authors should be involved in drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, and must have read and approved the final version of the manuscript.

The order of authorship should be a joint decision of the co-authors.

Disclosures/conflicts of interest
Authors are required to disclose competing interests. A competing interest exists when a primary interest (such as the validity of research) might be influenced by a secondary interest (such as financial gain or personal rivalry). Details of how to disclose a conflict of interest can be found in the formatting requirements listed below.

Peer review
All papers published in Parliamentary Affairs are subject to peer review. Papers that are outside the scope of the journal, that do not comply with the guidelines below or are otherwise judged to be unsuitable by the editor will be rejected without peer review. Appropriate papers are sent to at least two independent referees for evaluation. Referees advise on the originality and merit of the paper; the editors decide on publication.

Misconduct
This includes dual-submission, plagiarism, figure manipulation and fraudulent data. If authors are not using original material, they must obtain permission to reproduce any copyright material, and include an acknowledgement of the source in their manuscript.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Cases of research or publication misconduct may also be referred to COPE in an anonymised format. Selected submitted manuscripts may be scanned using CrossCheck to detect plagiarism and verify the papers' originality.

PRESUBMISSION ADVICE AND PREPARATION

Writing should be clear and simple, avoiding excessive use of the passive, and written in good clear 'international' English.

Language editing
Particularly if English is not your first language, before submitting your manuscript you may wish to have it edited for language. This is not a mandatory step, but may help to ensure that the academic content of your paper is fully understood by journal editors and reviewers. Language editing does not guarantee that your manuscript will be accepted for publication. If you would like information about one such service please click here. There are other specialist language editing companies that offer similar services and you can also use any of these. Authors are liable for all costs associated with such services.

1. Manuscripts and tables
In order to be processed by our production team, all files should be editable, prepared in an appropriate word processing package and saved as .doc or .rtf. Please note: PDF (.pdf) is not a .doc or .rtf file format and is therefore not an appropriate file type. Manuscripts should be double line spaced with 1 inch margins.


Headings

Heading level/style/example

A. Title head. Centred. Bold CAPITALS:
CENTRED CAPITALS FOR TITLE

B. Section heading. Align left. Bold Sentence case (Capitalise first word only, apart from proper nouns) precede by Arabic numeral:
I. Section heading in sentence case

C. Subhead level 1. Align left. Italic Sentence case followed by .1, .2, etc.:
1.1 Subheading in italics

D. Table/ figure heading Align left. Table and number. bold Sentence case:
Table 1 Headings like this

Quotations
More than about 30 words (unless in footnotes) should be indented from the text without quotation marks. Single quotation marks should be used for quotations, with double quotation marks for quotations within quotations.

Abbreviations
Consisting of initials (such as BMA, D or H and CSM) should omit the full stops unless the reference is to a law report or journal or in a case citation (as in Med. L.R., L.Q.R. and H.A.). Otherwise abbreviations should retain the full stop (ed., L.J., J.).

Dates
Should be in the style 1 January 1993; 1993-94; 1990s.

Italics
Should be used (and indicated by underlining in the text) for case names, and the following abbreviations: cf., e.g., ibid., i.e., loc.cit., op.cit., per, viz, supra, infra. Notice versus (v.) in case citations is in roman. The following should not be italicised: phrases, e.g. ad hoc or coup d'état; party names, i.e. foreign partners; foreign phrases.

Notes
Notes should be presented as footnotes, identified in the text by Arabic numerals and numbered in the order cited.

Capitalisation
Capital letters should only be used where a real title is involved, e.g. Minister of Finance, Permanent Secretary not for ministers, or other nouns, without such a description, i.e. party members, civil service, government.

Numerals
Numerals one to ten should appear in words, higher figures to be in numerical form.

Percentages
Use the % symbol, percentages should be rounded up in both the text and tables where small samples are involved.

Citations
References in the text: identified by last name, publication year (author-date ‘Harvard’ system)
References in the list: ordered alphabetically, then chronologically. Complete information should be given for each reference cited.
Examples:

Articles
Ryan, R., Vernon, S., Lawrence, G. and Wilson, S. (2012) ‘Use of Name Recognition Software, Census Data and Multiple Imputation to Predict Missing Data on Ethnicity: Application to Cancer Registry Records’, BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, 12, 1–8.

Advance Access journal article
Smith, A. (2012) ‘British Government’, Parliamentary Affairs, Advance Access published on 11 October 2012, DOI: 10.1093/pa/gss001.

Books/ standalone
Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (2003) ‘Equality and Diversity in Local Government in England: A Literature Review’, London, ODPM.

Contributions to books
Le Lohe, M. (1998) ‘Ethnic Minority Participation and Representation in the British Electoral System’ In: Saggar, S. (ed.) Race and British Electoral Politics, London, UCL Press pp. 45-78.

Newspapers
The Telegraph (2011, 1 December) ‘Ed Miliband: British Politics is “Far Too Macho”’.

Websites
Bercow, J. (2010) ‘Speech to the Centre for Parliamentary Studies’, accessed at www.johnbercow.co.uk on 15 September 2010.

Legal Cases
Bowman v Fussy [1978] RPC 545, HL.

Interviews and e-mails
Doe, J. (2007, 31 October) E-mail message to the author.
Naidoo, P. (2005, 15 May) Interview with the author.

2. Tables
Tables should be kept simple without vertical lines and they should be headed, e.g.: Table 1 Votes cast at 1996 election.

3. Figures
Please DO NOT embed your figure files in the main document. Figures should be prepared in an appropriate image package, saved as follows and named according to DOS conventions, e.g. 'figure1.tif'.

Line Illustrations
Saved as (vector images) - .ai (Adobe Illustrator)/ Encapsulated PostScript (.eps). There is a ‘save as’ function in most statistical/ spreadsheet packages such as Microsoft Excel that allows files to be saved in eps format.

The optimal resolution for tiff images is 600-1200dpi.

Lines should not be thinner than 0.25 pts and in-fill patterns and screens should have a density of at least 10%. Use 10pt Helvetica font for labels.

Photographs
Saved as high resolution (300dpi) .tif files at 1.5x desired print size. Lower resolutions (<300 dpi) may compromise output quality.

More details regarding the preparation of figures can be found here.

4. Permission to include other’s work
Permission to reproduce material within the manuscript must be obtained in advance by the corresponding author. Oxford Journals can offer information and documentation to assist authors in securing print and online permissions: please see the Guidelines for Authors section here. Alternatively, please email Oxford Journals Rights department.

Once granted, upload a copy of the approval as a supporting file. An acknowledgement to the source must be made in your text, exactly as stipulated by the particular institutions.

The following information may be useful for obtaining permissions:
Journal: Parliamentary Affairs
IP address: parlaffairs.oxfordjournals.org/
Method of limiting access: password or IP address depending on subscription type
Users: individual subscribers and members of licence holding institutions
Fees charged: depends on subscription.
Rights required: World rights, one language (English), print and online publication in perpetuity.


When seeking to reproduce any kind of third party material authors should request the following:
(i) non-exclusive rights to reproduce the material in the specified article and journal;
(ii) electronic rights, preferably for use in any form or medium;
(iii) the right to use the material for the life of the work; and
(iv) world-wide English-language rights.

MANUSCRIPT REQUIREMENTS

1. General requirements
Parliamentary Affairs is a DOUBLE blinded (author anonymised) journal. Self-referencing that would give away the author’s identity should be excluded – this includes the cover letter/ response to reviewers. All submissions should adhere to the following:

Title Page Document
File designation ‘Title Page’
1. Title and running head (short title);
2. Article category – choose from: Original Article/ Invited Review/ Commentary/ Book Review;
3. First name, middle initial (if any) and family name of all authors – no degree/ titles/ positions of responsibility;
4. Affiliations should be written after the authors line as follows: Department/Division/Unit name, if any; affiliation name/City (without state)/Country;
5. Corresponding author should be written after the affiliations list as follows: write only the title of one corresponding author (Dr/Prof/ etc), Initial Only fist name(s), and followed by the last name – e.g. Dr. J. E. Smith; add Department/Division/Unit name, if any/ affiliation name/Street address/ City/ postal code /Country/ Email address;
6. Acknowledgments/ Funding/ Declarations: indicate:

(i) Any acknowledgements of persons or organizations;
(ii) The source of funding for the study (with grant number). The following rules should be followed:
The sentence should begin: ‘This work was supported by …’
The full official funding agency name should be given, i.e. ‘National Institutes of Health’, not ‘NIH’ (full RIN-approved list of UK funding agencies) Grant numbers should be given in brackets as follows: ‘[grant number xxxx]’
Multiple grant numbers should be separated by a comma as follows: ‘[grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]’
Agencies should be separated by a semi-colon (plus ‘and’ before the last funding agency)
Where individuals need to be specified for certain sources of funding the following text should be added after the relevant agency or grant number 'to [author initials]'
(iii) Any conflict of interest. This includes ownership of shares, consultancy, speaker's honoraria or research grants from commercial companies or professional or governmental organisations with an interest in the topic of the paper. If in doubt, disclose.

Main Document
File designation ‘Main Document – Anonymous’
1. Title;
2. Summary – an abstract of approx 100 words should follow the title;
3. Six appropriate keywords in alphabetical order;
4. Main body containing sections with the appropriate heading. Note there should be no heading for Introduction.
5. Tables – if any, in tabulate text. Do not embed tables.
6. Figure legends – if any, in a list following the tables. (Figures must be uploaded additionally as individual image files. Do not embed figures).
7. References as author-date Harvard style endnotes (see above for examples).

Other Files
Permissions - File designation ‘supplementary data for review’
Figures - File designation ‘image’

2. Guidelines on specific papers
Original Articles
Summary to include: Sections on introduction, main body and conclusions.
Maximum words –7,000/ maximum figures and tables – 5/ maximum references – 40.

Invited Reviews
Summary giving information on methods of selecting the publications cited.
Maximum words – 8,000/ maximum figures and tables – 5/ maximum references – no limit.

Commentary
In depth explorations of topical aspects of the field.
Maximum words – 7,000/ maximum figures and tables – 5/ maximum references – no limit.

Book Reviews
Title, name of author(s) and/or editor(s) as applicable, publisher, date, number of pages, number of illustrations, price, binding, ISBN.
Maximum words: 2,000–4,000/ cover figure/ maximum references: 10.

SUBMISSION

Submissions must have been read and approved by all authors. Submission of a manuscript implies that it reports unpublished work and that it is not under active consideration for publication elsewhere, nor been accepted for publication, nor been published in full or in part (except in abstract form).

All material to be considered for publication in the Review should be submitted via the journal's online submission system. Submission of a manuscript implies that it reports unpublished work and that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

Full submission instructions are available here and support is available on the site. A user ID and password can be obtained on the first visit. If you have any queries please contact Lou Whelan, Parliamentary Affairs Editorial Office.

Once you are ready to submit, check:
1. Title page file conforms to our requirements;
2. Anonymised main document conforms to our requirements;
3. Any figures are uploaded separately as image files;
4. Supporting documents are uploaded: eg permission (if any); and
5. You have completed all submission steps.

Failure to do so will result in your files returned to your author centre. You will receive an email detailing corrections required.

ACCEPTANCE

1. Copyright
It is a condition of publication in the Journal that authors grant an exclusive licence to Oxford University Press. This ensures that requests from third parties to reproduce articles are handled efficiently and consistently and will also allow the article to be as widely disseminated as possible. As part of the licence agreement, authors may use their own material in other publications provided that the Journal is acknowledged as the original place of publication, and Oxford University Press is notified in writing and in advance. Upon receipt of accepted manuscripts at Oxford Journals authors will be invited to complete an online copyright licence to publish form.

Please note that by submitting an article for publication you confirm that you are the corresponding/submitting author and that Oxford University Press ("OUP") may retain your email address for the purpose of communicating with you about the article. You agree to notify OUP immediately if your details change. If your article is accepted for publication OUP will contact you using the email address you have used in the registration process. Please note that OUP does not retain copies of rejected articles.

Information about the New Creative Commons licence can be found here.

2. Proofs
The corresponding author will receive an email containing a link for downloading a PDF proof of their article. Proofing instructions will accompany the PDF file but the proof should be checked immediately and corrections, and answers to any queries, uploaded to the online proofing web site within three days; authors are encouraged to use E-annotation tools available in Adobe Acrobat Professional or Acrobat Reader (version 7.0 or above) to e-annotate the PDF copy of their proofs.

AUTHOR RIGHTS AND BENEFITS

1. OPEN ACCESS OPTION FOR AUTHORS

Parliamentary Affairs authors have the option to publish their paper under the Oxford Open initiative; whereby, for a charge, their paper will be made freely available online immediately upon publication. As part of the licensing process you will be asked to indicate whether or not you wish to pay for open access. If you do not select the open access option, your paper will be published with standard subscription-based access and you will not be charged.

Oxford Open articles are published under Creative Commons licences. Authors publishing in Parliamentary Affairs can use the following Creative Commons licences for their articles:
• Creative Commons Attribution licence (CC-BY)
• Creative Commons Non-Commercial licence (CC-BY-NC)
• Creative Commons non-Commercial No Derivatives licence (CC-BY-NC-ND)

Please click here for more information about the Creative Commons licences.

Charges information
You can pay Open Access charges using our Author Services site. This will enable you to pay online with a credit/debit card, or request an invoice by email or post. The open access charges applicable are:

Regular charge - £1750/ $2800 / €2275
List B Developing country charge* - £875 / $1400 / €1135
List A Developing country charge* - £0 /$0 / €0

*Visit our Developing Countries page for a list of qualifying countries.

Orders from the UK will be subject to the current UK VAT charge. For orders from the rest of the European Union, OUP will assume that the service is provided for business purposes. Please provide a VAT number for yourself or your institution, and ensure you account for your own local VAT correctly.

2. Author self-archiving/public access policy For information about this journal's policy, please visit our Author Self-Archiving policy page.

3. Offprints
The corresponding authors will receive electronic access to their paper free of charge. Additional printed offprints may be purchased using the Oxford Journals Author Services site. Orders from the UK will be subject to the current UK VAT charge. For orders from elsewhere in the EU you or your institution should account for VAT by way of a reverse charge. Please provide us with your or your institution’s VAT number.

4. Back issues
The current plus two back volumes are available from Oxford University Press. Previous volumes can be obtained from the Periodicals Service Company, 11 Main Street, Germantown, NY 12526, USA. Tel: +1 (518) 537 4700; Fax: +1 (518) 537 5899.

Orders from the UK will be subject to the current UK VAT charge. For orders from the rest of the European Union, OUP will assume that the service is provided for business purposes. Please provide a VAT number for yourself or your institution and ensure you account for your own local VAT correctly.

CONTACTS

Editorial Office
For pre and post submission enquiries, please contact the Editorial Office:
Parliamentary Affairs Editorial Office
Lou Whelan, Virtual Editorial Office Manager
Oxford University Press
Great Clarendon Street
Oxford OX2 6DP | UK

Editors
You may also contact the editors:

Prof. Philip Cowley
Department of Politics
University of Nottingham
Nottingham NG1 7RD | UK
Tel: +44 (0)115 846 6230

Prof. Jonathan Tonge
Department of Politics
University of Liverpool
Liverpool L69 7ZT | UK
Tel: +44 (0)151 794 2899

Dr. David S. Moon (Book reviews)
Department of Politics, Languages and international Relations
1 West North,
University of Bath
Bath BA2 7AY

Production Office
For post acceptance, and production queries, please contact the production office:
Parliamentary Affairs Production Office
Oxford University Press
Great Clarendon Street
Oxford OX2 6DP | UK
Tel: +44 (0)1865 353118